A fs-laser pulse is mildly focussed onto the substrate with the metallic structures. After a single shot the surface is analyzed by AFM or electron microscopy.

Experimental Setup

An electromagnetic field which interacts with metallic materials might be modified in a way that locally confined fields exist in the surrounding of the metallic structure. We study such optical nearfields by an unconventional method: the enhanced field is used for local ablation of the silicon substrate below the metallic structure by a femtosecond laser pulse. The ablation region, which reflects the local field can then be imaged with an atomic force microscope (AFM).